Research paper help: writing introductions and conclusions

No one likes writing introduction and conclusion paragraphs. It is very difficult to write such passages without delving into cliche or sounding a bit over rehearsed and cheesy. It can also be very intellectually challenging to organize one’s thoughts and quickly summarize one’s entire paper in just a few short sentences.

For these reasons, many students put off writing their first and final paragraphs for the last possible second. As a result, many introduction and conclusion sections are quite poorly written, trite, and uninteresting. This can cause many problems for the student, since the intro paragraph provides the reader with a strong and lasting “first impression” of the writer and their paper, and the conclusion is the most memorable set of “parting words” that stays with the reader for the longest amount of time.

If you are writing a research paper, you cannot slack off when it comes to writing your intro and conclusion. Instead, you should put a great deal of effort into writing strong sections. This will improve your grades and really stun and impress your readers. Here are a few pointers for creating great introductions and conclusions.

  1. Use a bit of wit in both your conclusion and intro sections. Make a joke or sly remark in the intro, and call back to it in the final paragraph.
  2. Provide the reader with an illustrative quote from another researcher, which sums up the topic or piques interest. Call back to it when you end your paper.
  3. Use short, punchy sentences in both sections, to make the prose flow smoothly and quickly.
  4. Alternatively, use the intro and conclusion sections to get a bit more florid or flowery with your language. In the rest of your paper, you must be very precise and methodological; in the first and last paragraph, you can have a bit more fun with your writing and demonstrate your own style.
  5. End your introduction section with a strongly compelling and interesting question that will leave your reader at the edge of his or her seat. When you finish your paper up, return to that question and answer it explicitly.
  6. Do not be afraid to directly or explicitly remind your reader of the intro section, once you begin the final paragraph. Use similar language and directly restate some of the claims or questions you posed at the paper’s start.
  7. Use both the intro and conclusions to really “sell” your paper. Point out all the novel aspects of your research and the greater meaning of the results.